Physical therapy is involved in the treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system and it’s interaction with physical movement. The ultimate goal of physical therapy is to restore maximal functional independence to each individual.
The therapist will re-train an individual with techniques on how to safely get in and out of bed along with rolling side to side and scooting toward the head of the bed with or without adaptive aids: bed rail, trapeze, etc.
Lower Extremity Dysfunction
The therapist will assess the strength, range of motion, sensation, tone and coordination of the lower extremities and address any areas of dysfunction and provide the resident with specific treatment techniques.
The therapist will use special techniques and strengthening exercises to assist in improving a person’s coordination. The therapist will work on both gross motor and fine motor coordination.
The therapist will also assess the individual’s control of strength, range, speed, direction, and timing of movement.
Physical Agent Modalities
The therapist will assess an individual for use of physical modalities. Modalities may be used to relieve pain, reduce swelling, and/or increase circulation.
Therapeutic modalities that may be used would include ultrasound, heat or cold therapy, transcutaneous neuromuscular stimulation (TENS), neuromuscular electric stimulation, or paraffin bath.
The therapist will use specific techniques to assist in managing an individual’s pain.
Some techniques used are; stretching muscle groups, strengthening muscle groups, positioning in sitting or supine, ultra sound, heat therapy and/or cold therapy.
The therapist will retrain an individual on how to safely move from one surface to another; from the edge of the bed to a chair, from a chair to a toilet, or from a wheelchair into and out of a car.
The therapist will work on exercises to strengthen the legs, arms, and trunk with the use of various types of equipment: resistance bands, hand held weights, resistance machines, manual resistance, etc.
The therapist will evaluate each individual’s balance in sitting and standing paying close attention to his ability to adjust to movements of his limbs, trunk, and head as a task is performed.
The therapist will work on activities to increase an individual’s balance in dynamic and static activities.
Amputee Care and Prosthetics
The therapist will provide the patient with emotional support, instruction in limb hygiene and expedite wound healing, maximize strength and shaping of the limbs to allow for optimal prosthetic fit for both upper and lower limb amputation.
The therapist will work with orthotists side by side to provide the best prosthetic devices for each individual.
Range of Motion
The therapist will work on movement of an extremity through its full range of motion and teach an individual to move each joint safely and effectively.