Occupational Therapy seeks to improve functioning and independence level in activities of daily living for those who have been
disabled by illness, injury, aging, or birth accident.
Fine and Gross Motor Central Development
During the evaluation process gross motor coordination of the upper extremities and fine motor coordination or dexterity of the hand is assessed.
The goal is to work on smooth and efficient movements of the upper body to complete daily functional activities.
Training in the use of Adaptive Self Care Equipment
The therapist will provide an individual with adaptive equipment as needed to complete self care activities independently.
Some examples are as follows:
reacher to get things off of cabinets,
sock aide to get on and off socks
Upper Body Strengthening
The therapists will assess an individual’s strength with each separate movement of the upper extremity: the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hand. The therapist will provide strengthening activities as tolerated to increase and individual’s upper body strength so as to complete task independently.
Some equipment used for upper body strengthening: resistance bands/therabands, hand held weights, upper body resistance bike, pulleys and/or manual resistance.
Cognitive Skills Development
The therapist will assess an individual’s ability to attend to tasks, to remember recent and past events, ability to problem solve, and orientation to person, place & time.
The therapist will work on a variety of functional activities to assist in increasing their cognitive abilities.
One-Handed Dressing Techniques, Grooming, and Bathing
The therapist will assess an individual’s ability to perform daily activities; dressing, bathing, grooming, and feeding.
The therapist will retrain an individual with specitifc techniques such as one handed dressing techniques to complete each task with or without adaptive equipment.
The therapist will provide an assessment with an individual at their home to determine safety in the home and make recommendations for any adaptive equipment that may be needed.
The therapist will assess an individual’s ability to transfer on and off their toilet, transfer in and out of their tub/shower, ability to get into and out of bed, ability to ascend and descend stairs, ability to an maneuver in their home safely, and the ability to safely retrieve items in their cupboards/drawers and kitchen area.